Sunday, 2 August 2020

New Education System/Policy || India's New Education Policy Analysis

India's New Education Policy

Hello friends!
Comparing the Indian education system with that of the German system and the system in  Singapore
and elaborating on the demerits of the Indian system
Today, I am very happy to say that the new education policy that our government has brought in
They have addressed almost all the major points of criticism in their new policy
and they have brought a revolutionary change in the Indian education system
I'm saying that in a positive step- They've taken a very good step
Come, let us find out.
new education policy
New Education policy

One of the first and major points of criticism is that
our educational system tries to fit the students into three categories after class 10
Science, commerce and humanities
And this is very problematic- If you chose one stream, then you cannot study the subjects of the other streams
But more often than not, the students are interested in a variety of subjects
For example, when I was in the 11th, I chose the science stream but
my interest also lay in Political science and Economics
But I was helpless, having opted for the science stream, I could not study subjects like Pol Science and Economics

What could I have done?

But now, the government has changed this
Now, the students have more flexibility to choose their subjects
Upon the implementation of this policy,
a student can study Political science with Physics and Chemistry with History
A student can study Science, commerce as well as Arts subjects
This is an amazing initiative. And I feel jealous as a 90s kid
we were compelled to choose amongst the three
Now, the students would have so much more flexibility to choose
A second major change by the government is that they have replaced the existing 10+2 academic structure
with the 5+3+3+4 system now
Now, it has become more similar to the education system of the western developed countries
In the 10+2 system, education began at the age of 6
In this new system, education would now start at the age of 3
Preschool would be from the age of 3-6 and then class 1 and 2 for the next two years
Then would be the "preparatory stage" for the next 3 years in which focus would be upon
playing, discovery and activity based classroom learning
Class 6 to 8 would be the middle stage
in which experiential learning would be focused upon-
sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences and humanities
Next would be the secondary stage of class 9-12
in which multi disciplinary studies would be focused upon
Students would be provided with  ore flexibility and more choices
The job of selling, or working in a supermarket, or driving...
-... plumbing, carpentry
gardening... all the jobs like these
that do not come under the proper purview of engineering, humanities or universities,

All that is viewed on the extra side,  they are vocationally trained upto a large extent
A vast difference is that in India, we view these jobs at a very low level
We look at things and presume that the people of the lower (caste/class) do these kinds of jobs
and our parents poke fun and say that if you don't study, will you do carpentry and become a carpenter ?
or a plumber?

The difference (here) is that these jobs are given the same respect in Germany
I kept reiterating in the previous articles that vocational training is given a lot of importance in developed countries

The jobs like welding, electrician, carpentry, plumbing
These jobs are viewed at the same level as the rest of the skilled jobs
In India, these jobs are looked at with disdain, which is a mindset that needs to change
The government has implemented some structural changes to change this mindset, which is praiseworthy
for example, right from class 6, students would have to do internships in vocational training jobs
The students would be imparted experience in such jobs
There would be a bagless period of 10 days- where he students would take no bags to school
but experience jobs like- carpentry, welding, gardening,

Vocational training in schools would be focused upon even later
This is a very critical thing without which, in my opinion, we cannot become a developed country
until and unless these changes are implemented
The government has fortunately taken a step in the right direction regarding this
Coding would be taught to children from class 6
and the importance accorded to board exams in class 10 and 12 would be reduced
Another interesting and positive policy change is that the report cards handed to students at the year end
that is, the progress report,
Until now, the teachers assess how the student has performed in the entire year, according to them
Now, assessment will be done by not only the teachers, but the students will also self evaluate themselves
and say how have they performed in the entire year, according to their perspective
Not only will there be self evaluation, the rest of the students of the class with also evaluate and say
how a particular student has performed according to the perspective of the rest of the classmates
This is a very useful step
Because critical thinking is a very important aspect- to evaluate oneself by oneself
to think about what one is doing and critically analyze one's own decisions
And in the coming life.

We are told how we are performing by our teachers and parents, when we are in school
But when the school and college life gets over, there is no one to tell you how your performance is going
You have to do a self-evaluation of how you are performing in life
and what you want to do ahead in life
So, this thinking should be imparted at an early stage to the students
to evaluate oneself and to see what others think about you
and what your evaluation is, from their perspective
It is very useful
Another important change
I have kept on saying in my articles that the government should spend more on education
Seems as if the government has finally paid heed!
The government has decided that atleast 6% of the GDP will ow be spent on education
Right now, it is around 3%- which is insufficient
And compared to the developed countries and the rest of the developing countries
India spends very less on education in measure of the percentage of the GDP
6% is a great target.

But a lot depends on implementation as well- How soon is the government able to achieve it
But obviously, as a first step, setting a target of 6% is commendable
There was a problem of rote learning in the Indian education system.

Most of the exams are designed in a way that we need to memorize things
And all that we learnt, evaporates in a few months because we gave exams by rote learning
So, the government has also said that it would try and change this as well
The exams would be designed as a way that would not require much memorization or rote learning
But how exactly this will be achieved is not clearly mentioned. So, it remains to be seen
I'm hopeful that positive changes will be implemented here as well
Talking about education after class 12- there is a multiple entry and exit program
It means that- say, you started a degree- a degree
and one year later, you realize that you do not want to continue with it because you don't like it
So, you can drop midway. All the subjects that you have studied for one year,
you can take their credits and get it transferred to another degree
This is extremely useful and already exists in most of the developed countries
It's great that this option will be available in India as well
This option now includes another feature- say the degree is of four years
If you drop out after one year, then you will get a certificate
If you drop out after the second year, then you will get a diploma
After three years, you will get a bachelor's degree and after four years - a bachelor's research degree
If you have already done a four-year degree in bachelors, MA and MSc degrees would only be of one year
and two years if you have a bachelor's degree of three years
This is again consistent with the international standard
Top 100 foreign institutes have been given permission to set up their campuses within India
What's interesting is that this is a policy that Congress wanted to bring in when it was in power
but back then, BJP had opposed it. And now, it itself is bringing it in
Focussing on vocational education, the government has said that in the next ten years,
it will be integrated in all the schools and higher educational institutions in a phased manner
It is being aimed that by 2025, 50% of the learners in schools and higher educational institutions
will have had exposure to vocational education
A common national professional standard will be set for all the teachers by 2022
A four years integrated BA degree would be the minimum qualification required to become a teacher by 2030.
These, in my opinion were the positive points brought by the government in this new policy
Let us now talk about the negative/controversial points
which are being criticized by the people
This new policy has been criticized the most on the point of language
This policy reads that, "wherever possible the medium of instruction till 5th grade
and preferably till class 8 and beyond will be the home language, local language or the  regional language"
That is, the education of the child until the 5th grade should be in-home language, mother language, and regional language
It is nowhere written that doing so is compulsory
But those who criticize it say that this will force the schools to not teach in English
and instead, teach in regional languages
which will not be beneficial for most of the people
Say, you live in Kerala and your child has studied until class 4 in Kerala
Thereupon, you shift to Maharashtra
Most of the schools would teach in Marathi in Maharashtra
and the child will not be able to adjust
This would restrict the movement of the people from one state to another
and this might have a detrimental effect
It is written in the policy that no language would be forced. Although, it is also said that
they would try to make Sanskrit and other classical languages available at every level in schools as an option
and after class 9, the options of foreign languages will also be available like they are right now
In my opinion, it is important to give priority to English because today,
English, in a way , has become a global language of communication worldwide
No matter which country you come from, I believe it is essential to learn English
if you want to do anything at an international level
It is becoming essential to learn English in every country
And this is an advantage for India in comparison to China and the rest of the South East Asian countries
because there, people are not able to learn English to this extent
Since people in India speak English, they are able to compete in western countries, the US and Europe.

Second- Several students and teachers' bodies have criticized this policy of being anti-democratic
Some parties have also criticized it. For example, CPI(M) has put forward the most criticism
They allege that the states were not consulted before making this policy
Since education is a concurrent subject that comes under both the Centre as well as state list
the states should have been consulted more before introducing this policy
It is also alleged that this policy promotes centralization because this policy has a point that
states that a new teachers' training board will be set up for all kinds of teachers in the country
and no state can change that
The power has been taken from the states and placed with the central government
The powers have been made more centralized that
the decision making regarding education would be done by the center
And finally, some points of criticism said that this policy is very theoretical
It does change things theoretically. But to implement them practically in real life
is going to be a very long drawn and difficult process
because there are so many government schools where children in the 5th class have no teachers
and sound infrastructure is not available in schools
The students are not educated properly and they drop out early
There are so many government schools with a serious dearth of available  teachers
so how are they going to impart vocational training and give the option of variety of subjects to children?

All this seems impossible to give
This is another point of criticism
because all these changes being brought superficially are extremely difficult to implement in reality
In my opinion, it is a legit point of criticism
and it is to be seen how much of these policies are implemented
and what changes are seen on the ground level in reality
I hope you would have liked this Article Share it if you found it to be informative
Thank you

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